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Introduction to Magnetic Particle Inspection

Introduction
Introduction
Basic Principles
History of MPI

Physics
Magnetism
Magnetic
Mat'ls
Magnetic Domains
Magnetic Fields
Electromag. Fields
Field From a Coil
Mag Properties
Hysteresis Loop
Permeability
Field Orientation
Magnetization of Mat'ls
Magnetizing Current
Longitudinal Mag Fields
Circular Mag Fields
Demagnetization
Measuring Mag Fields

Equipment & Materials
Portable Equipment
Stationary Equipment
Multidirectional Equipment
Lights
Field Strength Indicators
Magnetic Particles
Suspension Liquids

Testing Practices
Dry Particles
Wet Suspension
Magnetic Rubber
Continuous & Residual Mag
Field Direction & Intensity
L/D Ratio

Process Control
Particle Concentration
Suspension Contamination
Electrical System
Lighting
Eye Considerations

Example Indications
Visible Dry Powder
Fluorescent Wet

Quizzes

Examples of Fluorescent Wet
Magnetic Particle Indications

The indications produced using the wet magnetic particles are more sharp than dry particle indications formed on similar defects. When fluorescent particles are used, the visibility of the indications is greatly improved because the eye is drawn to the "glowing" regions in the dark setting. Below are a few examples of fluorescent wet magnetic particle indications.


Magnetic particle wet fluorescent indication of cracks in a drive shaft.


Magnetic particle wet fluorescent indication of a crack in a bearing.


Magnetic particle wet fluorescent indication of a crack in a crane hook.


Magnetic particle wet fluorescent indication of a crack at a sharp radius.


Magnetic particle wet fluorescent indication of a crack in a casting.


Magnetic particle wet fluorescent indication of cracks at a fastener hole.